Egyptian music has been an integral part of Egyptian culture since ancient times. The ancient Egyptians credited the god Thoth with the invention of music, which Osiris in turn used as part of his effort to civilize the world. The earliest material and representational evidence of Egyptian musical instruments dates to the Predyanstic period, but the evidence is more securely attested in the Old Kingdom when harps, flutes and double clarinets were played.
Prehistoric Egypt and Population history of Egypt There is evidence of petroglyphs along the Nile terraces and in desert oases. In the 10th millennium BC, a culture of hunter-gatherers and fishermen was replaced by a grain -grinding culture.
Early tribal peoples migrated to the Nile River, where they developed a settled agricultural economy and more centralized society. The Badari culture and the successor Naqada series are generally regarded as precursors to dynastic Egypt.
The earliest known Lower Egyptian site, Merimda, predates the Badarian by about seven hundred years. Contemporaneous Lower Egyptian communities coexisted with their southern counterparts for more than two thousand years, remaining culturally distinct, but maintaining frequent contact through trade.
The earliest known evidence of Egyptian hieroglyphic inscriptions appeared during the predynastic period on Naqada III pottery vessels, dated to about BC. A unified kingdom was founded BC by King Menesleading to a series of dynasties that ruled Egypt for the next three millennia.
Egyptian culture flourished during this long period and remained distinctively Egyptian in its religionartslanguage and customs. The first two ruling dynasties of a unified Egypt set the stage for the Old Kingdom period c.
The First Intermediate Period ushered in a time of political upheaval for about years.
A second period of disunity heralded the arrival of the first foreign ruling dynasty in Egypt, that of the Semitic-speaking Hyksos. The New Kingdom c. The first historically attested expression of monotheism came during this period as Atenism.
Frequent contacts with other nations brought new ideas to the New Kingdom. The country was later invaded and conquered by LibyansNubians and Assyriansbut native Egyptians eventually drove them out and regained control of their country.
Whilst not conclusive, because of the non-exhaustive time frame and restricted location that the mummies represent, their study nevertheless showed that these Ancient Egyptians "closely resembled ancient and modern Near Eastern populations, especially those in the Levant, and had almost no DNA from sub-Saharan Africa.
The Ptolemaic Kingdom was a powerful Hellenistic state extending from southern Syria in the east, to Cyrene to the west, and south to the frontier with Nubia. Alexandria became the capital city and a center of Greek culture and trade.
To gain recognition by the native Egyptian populace, they named themselves as the successors to the Pharaohs. The later Ptolemies took on Egyptian traditions, had themselves portrayed on public monuments in Egyptian style and dress, and participated in Egyptian religious life.
The Ptolemies faced rebellions of native Egyptians, often caused by an unwanted regime, and were involved in foreign and civil wars that led to the decline of the kingdom and its annexation by Rome. Nevertheless, Hellenistic culture continued to thrive in Egypt well after the Muslim conquest.
The city of Alexandria became a key trading outpost for the Roman Empire by some accounts, the most important for a time. Shipping from Egypt regularly reached India and Ethiopia among other international destinations. Scholars such as PtolemyHypatiaand Heron broke new ground in astronomy, mathematics, and other disciplines.
Culturally, the city of Alexandria at times rivaled Rome in its importance. The New Testament had by then been translated into Egyptian.
The Byzantines were able to regain control of the country after a brief Persian invasion early in the 7th century, until —42, when Egypt was invaded and conquered by the Arab Islamic Empire.
The final loss of Egypt was of incalculable significance to the Byzantine Empire, which had relied on Egypt for many agricultural and manufactured goods. Early in this period, Egyptians began to blend their new faith with their Christian traditions as well as other indigenous beliefs and practices, leading to various Sufi orders that have flourished to this day.
The Mamluks continued to govern the country until the conquest of Egypt by the Ottoman Turks inafter which it became a province of the Ottoman Empire. The defensive militarization damaged its civil society and economic institutions. Portuguese traders took over their trade.
The expulsion of the French in by OttomanMamlukand British forces was followed by four years of anarchy in which Ottomans, Mamluks, and Albanians — who were nominally in the service of the Ottomans — wrestled for power.
Out of this chaos, the commander of the Albanian regiment, Muhammad Ali Kavalali Mehmed Ali Pasha emerged as a dominant figure and in was acknowledged by the Sultan in Istanbul as his viceroy in Egypt; the title implied subordination to the Sultan but this was in fact a polite fiction: Ottoman power in Egypt was finished and Muhammad Ali, an ambitious and able leader, established a dynasty that was to rule Egypt until the revolution of In later years, the dynasty became a British puppet.The Egyptians, as noted above, traditionally believed in many gods whose importance influenced every aspect of their daily lives.
Among the most popular of these deities were Amun, Osiris, Isis, Ancient Egypt: an introduction to its history and culture initiativeblog.com; Ancient Egyptian Magic initiativeblog.com; Archaeological Site.
History >> Ancient Egypt The Nile River played an important role in shaping the lives and society of Ancient Egypt. The Nile provided the Ancient Egyptians with food, transportation, building materials, Music Sports: About Ducksters. The modern music of Egypt is considered as a core of Arabic music and Oriental music as it has been a source for or a main influence on other regional styles.
During the predynastic period of Egyptian history, funerary chants continued to play an important role in Egyptian religion and were accompanied by clappers or a flute. Despite the. It is important that we understand the history of Egypt. There are several prophecies in the Old Testament about Egypt.
The history of the nation of Israel with the descendants of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, the 12 tribes, have prominent connections with Egypt.
Feb 17, · The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt by I Shaw (Oxford University Press, ) Tales from Ancient Egypt by JA Tyldesley (Rutherford Press, ) Egypt's Golden Empire: The Age of the New Kingdom by.
The sound of music was everywhere in Egypt and it would be difficult to overestimate its importance in daily Dynastic life. () Hekenu and Iti were not only musicians but also dancers, and this combination was more common among women than men.